Indian Journal of Community and Family Medicine

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83--91

Novel infectious causes of acute pancreatitis: A comprehensive review


Saurabh Gaba1, Monica Gupta1, Ruchi Gaba2, Sarabmeet Singh Lehl1 
1 Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monica Gupta
Department of General Medicine, Level 4 D Block, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh - 160 030
India

Acute pancreatitis can result from a variety of infections. The causative pathogens have been well established to be certain viruses and parasites. However, certain infections fail to find mention in standard literature and have been overlooked due to the trivial number of cases of pancreatitis that result from them. Among these are influenza, leptospirosis, acute viral hepatitis, and certain tropical infections such as dengue, chikungunya, scrub typhus, malaria, and typhoid. In this narrative review, we have conducted a literature search on PubMed and EMBASE databases for cases of pancreatitis occurring in these diseases and compiled the data. Most of these infections are prevalent in the developing world, and consequently, more cases are reported from these regions. The pathogenesis, predictors of outcome, and the response to antimicrobial therapy have not been studied extensively. The actual incidence is probably higher than what is reported, and this subject deserves more attention.


How to cite this article:
Gaba S, Gupta M, Gaba R, Lehl SS. Novel infectious causes of acute pancreatitis: A comprehensive review.Indian J Community Fam Med 2021;7:83-91


How to cite this URL:
Gaba S, Gupta M, Gaba R, Lehl SS. Novel infectious causes of acute pancreatitis: A comprehensive review. Indian J Community Fam Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 May 21 ];7:83-91
Available from: https://www.ijcfm.org/article.asp?issn=2395-2113;year=2021;volume=7;issue=2;spage=83;epage=91;aulast=Gaba;type=0